Pain is a signal from our body that something is not
right. It can be due to a physical injury, some kind of disease, or emotional upset.
Most types of physical pain can be treated with pain relievers.
as acetaminophen or paracetamol are used to treat
mild or moderate pain, and can also be used to reduce temperature in fevers. Narcotic
analgesics such as codeine can be used alone or in combination
with other analgesics neck pain treatment for stronger pain, such as dental pain, menstrual pain or migraines.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (including aspirin)
are used to reduce pain associated with inflammation, such as sports injuries, and
can also be used to relieve fever.
Common Pain Conditions
There are many acute and chronic pain conditions, including:
Primary and Metastatic Cancer Pain
Medication Side Effect Management
PAIN ASSOCIATED WITH OTHER CONDITIONS
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome(RSD)
Phantom Limb Pain
Common Pain Medications
Pain medications (analgesics) are not
all the same. Each pain medication has its advantages and risks. Specific types
of pain may respond better to one kind of medication than to another kind. Each
person may have a slightly different response to a pain medication.
Over-the-counter medications are good for many types of pain. Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
is good for relieving pain and fever. It is less irritating
to the stomach than other over-the-counter pain medications and is safer for children.
It can, however, be toxic to the liver if you take more than the recommended dose.
Aspirin, naproxen (Aleve),
and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) are examples of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory
drugs (NSAIDs). These reduce inflammation caused by injury, arthritis, or fever. NSAIDs also relieve pain
associated with menstruation. Take these medications in regular dosing intervals
as directed by the manufacturer until the pain is gone.
However, DO NOT give aspirin to children. Reye's syndrome is associated with the use
of aspirin to treat children with viral infections, such as chicken pox. This syndrome
can cause brain and liver damage.
If you have high blood pressure, kidney disease, or a history of gastrointestinal
bleeding, you should consult your health care provider before using any over-the-counter
Prescription medications may be needed for other types of pain. There are specific
uses and risks of prescription narcotic and non-narcotic medications.
There are alternate methods to help reduce pain that may be helpful instead of,
or in addition to, pain medications. These include heat for sore or overworked muscles,
ice applied to recent injuries (such as a sprained ankle), massage, resting the
affected body back pain therapy part, and biofeedback or relaxation
Consult your doctor if pain lasts longer than a few days, if over-the-counter
pain medications are not helping to reduce the pain, or if other symptoms arise.
A consultation with a pain clinic or other specialist may be helpful for control
of long-term pain.
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